Botanicals can soothe the scalp, nourish the hair and support and repair hair during the colouring process. Then apply the dye to the rest of your hair, follow the instructions and then wash out. Maintaining a color over gray hair can be quite an investment! Perhaps something you could suggest to your hairdresser in the future? Fed up of shorter and shorter times between hair appointments to keep pesky ever-increasing grey hair under control? My white grey roots are colour resistant and my current colourist doesn't seem to know how to colour my hair so that the colour lasts more than a 1.5 to 2 weeks. Click here to try The Shade for free (just pay $9.00 shipping). I have gone slowly form 6 to 9G and thought if I went back to 8G it would grab on to the dye. Reply. However, with regular use, it can stain your hair to a dark brown color and mask all of your grays. A colour proof cape will keep your clothes colour free, a tint brush and bowl will give you that neat, precise colour application you need to avoid overlapping colour and sectioning clips will keep it manageable. Identify the areas that you want to colour the most, then apply the dye to these areas 20 minutes before you dye the rest. The easiest thing to start with to increase the coverage of your hair color on gray resistant hair: 1) Start with the developer. 05 Use Plenty of Pigment . Clairol Nice ‘N Easy is a long lasting permanent hair color that promises 100% gray coverage. Please help! Color sync is a demi color. If you are using a home colour kit, applying it with a brush can make a world of difference. Using a wide tooth comb or your fingers and massage the color through to help ensure every strand is saturated. Here’s how – Step up your home colouring with a few simple, reuseable accessories (shipped in our Free Trial) which give your more control over your colour and help to make the process neater and more manageable. This isn’t true for all grey hair, but some stubborn strands are resistant to colour. So, divide your hair into four sections; then work in ¼” slices within those sections. Here’s what you need to know about … The tint brush (provided in your Free Trial) is a simple, cheap and easy to use colouring tool which lets you apply the colour placement and amount with control and precision. Some people find th… Add a little of neutral (not of the grey series) to the mix. I am now having trouble coloring my gray at the nape of my neck and the front by my ears. Dark to Light. Hello, I have had many clients throughout the years that I have added a weaving of lowlights of their natural color into their silver, or grey colored hair.This technique is used when a client does not want to go from having their natural color ( which is grey), to completely covered with say a medium or dark brown. Resistant hair is more difficult to color or perm because it resists penetration, but resistant hair is often used as an excuse when a color or perm fails to achieve the desired results. One of my clients has the most resistant grey hair I have ever dealt with, any suggestions? Some ingredients which are commonly found in hair colour formulas can be absorbed through the skin. But, if you're trying to ease into coloring your hair and only have a bit of gray, a semi-permanent color is your best bet. L'Oreal Excellence Resistant Gray Permanent Creme Haircolor -Delivers maximum coverage on the most resistant gray hair-Patented 'Gray Seeking Dyes' penetrates gray hair to deliver extra concentrated, long-lasting color-Rich creme formula with easy, no-drip application-Luxurious, long-lasting color Happily, Redken has got you (and your grays) covered. Be careful to avoid overlapping the new colour on already coloured hair. So what makes grey hair so resistant to color? it is commercially available or you can mix it yourself. Identify the areas that you want to colour the most, then apply the dye to these areas 20 minutes before you dye the rest. Members can also download our step by step guide to this hairdressing tutorial. Or use double neutral. Ask any woman who had dealt with trying to cover them and she will tell you that the struggle is too real. 2. If your hair is one of the stubborn types that simply does not want to accept a bit of a cover up, then learn how to colour resistant grey hair – it will improve your confidence no end. You may need a few tips to achieve the colour you want and to successfully colour resistant grey hair at home. Generally, ageing turns the vast majority of us snowy white. The reason that grey hair takes less well to colour than non-grey hair is the texture. (If the hair is a fine texture, level 9 may work). Depending on the quantity of grey present in your hair it may influence the choice of colour you use. (If the hair is a fine texture, level 9 may work). When hair stops producing color and turns gray, the outer layers of the hair known as the cuticle also start to get thicker, explains Redken Artist George Garcia. Process. A simple solution that may help you to increase the colour coverage on even the most stubborn of greys, this trick is simple. An email will be sent to the address provided with a link to reset your password. When using a translucent shade, pre-treating can help. The colours that you choose to dye your greying hair should be based as closely as possible on your natural colour, as this will look far more natural. Or, if you have been waiting your whole life to go electric blue, then now is the time! November 7, 2016 at 20:07. Redheads tend to grey the fastest, then brown and blonde. Here are a few tips from our professional colorists on what to do if your gray hair is unusually resistant to hair coloring: When you begin the color application process, first apply the color to the areas where your hair may be most difficult to color. Dirty, dry hair is more resistant that clean, damp hair. Shampoo and towel dry the hair prior to the haircolor application. I use 8g hair color. I have used this on clients and seen good results. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. You can either dye your own hair or go to a salon. Feel the confidence of fresh, fabulous colour when you need it. Color developer which is made of hydrogen peroxide, is applied to the regrowth area in order to “open” or “lift” the cuticle layer of the hair. If you're going to color your hair, you might as well enjoy it for six to eight weeks, right? I mix colouring my own hair with Loreal Excellence and Majirel at the hairdressers, colour is always the same. Here are a few tips for how to successfully cover grey hair at home. Color Resistant Gray Hair Q: I have been using L'Oréal hair color for a long time. I use my resistant range, the 00 range (I work with XP 100) & 20 vol & leave it long longer but it just doesnt seem to cover it 100% - no salon has ever done it for her, she flits between me … Semi-permanent hair color will only blend gray and not cover it completely. “If this is true for you, consider dropping down a color level or using something darker on your roots to deliver even more coverage.” There are hundreds of thousands of people in America who choose to color their hair rather than let it go grey. “Presoftening works when dealing with very resistant gray hair. One idea, to further blend away gray, is having highlights and lowlights applied every few months. When you do this, always stay at the same level as your target hair color. Secret Rule #2 To get total gray coverage on resistant gray (non-pigmented) hair, you will need to use a level 8 blonde or darker. One thing that was missed, is that you have to alter what color you use once you get over 50% gray. Please check your inbox for an email from us. Its texture can be coarse, stubborn, and unruly, making it resistant to color. To get total gray coverage on resistant gray (non-pigmented) hair, you will need to use a level 8 blonde or darker. Any grey hair that is stubborn should be mixed with a 20 volume developer. You can get box colours specifically aimed at covering grey hair. Apply 10-volume developer just on the gray regrowth for 10 minutes, and wipe off. Meet Dinna Elgelda, Professional Colorist, and Madison Reed Color Crew team member. Here’s our top 5 tips for colouring grey regrowth: 1. Asians and African-Americans take the longest to develop a full head of grey – and no one knows why! If the hair still does not stretch then apply an Aqua Boost Reconstructing Treatment to the hair, cap and place under a medium dryer for 15 mins. Focus on the root area only, sweeping the formula on both sides of each strand. The solution can be very simple if you have a beauty supply shop nearby. Because damp hair, like a damp sponge will absorb more than dry hair, and with resistant grey hair the key is penetration. 2- Track down the formula that guarantees 100% coverage of grey hair You don't want to cover just a little bit of your grey hair, you want to cover them ALL – To not leave a single strand behind and if possible, to admire the results for more than just a week. You may be the type of person who is happy to embrace the look of the silver fox – or you might be someone who wants to hide your greys. Use a deposit only developer. Using a shampoo designed for coloured hair is a good step towards helping your greys maintain their colour. Best Ways to Keep Your Colored Gray Hair Looking Great Commit to regular touch-ups. Overlapping the colour can result in darker and duller colour towards the ends and colour-build-up. But if your client's hair has over 25% grey, and is thick, or resistant to hair color products, you will need to mix some base in with the desired color. If you'd rather have a professional perfect the color for you, go to a salon. If you are using the grey series. Just apply the color to the most resistant areas first (usually hairline/around ears). Colouring hair with pre-lightened sections, Let’s break down the numbers: Colours, Reflect and Tone, Ten tips to reduce porosity in your hair (and avoiding darker colour results or colour fade). How to Color Resistant Gray Hair at Home . if you are coloring your hair at home, go to sally's supply store. Top Hair Color Shades To Cover Your Gray Hair. Colour may fade a bit after 4-5 weeks but by that time, it's time to do the roots. But, my salt and pepper hair is very resistant to hair dye. This means that the scalp becomes drier, and the hair growing out of it becomes coarse, and as such resistant to colour. A deposit color formula on gray hair must be a level six or lower and contain all three primary colors in the following proportions; three parts yellow, two parts red and one part blue to achieve a natural looking hair color. How do I stop 'hot spots' on the hair if I'm using a color such as copper, red or violet base on resistant gray hair: Here’s our top 5 tips for colouring grey regrowth: Visible new hair growth can be seen in as little to 7 to 10 days, so you may need to colour your hair more frequently to keep them at bay. Clip it with the clips provided in our Free Trial, and begin painting the colour to your regrowth section by section. For highlights, choose tones ranging between pearl to medium blonde. darker and duller colour towards the ends and colour-build-up. Five Easy Hair Tutorials For Long Hair: Step By Step With Videos, Tips For Cutting Your Own Hair With Clippers (For Women), Best Hair Curlers And Curling Tongs Reviews, Best Hair Dryer: Guide And Recommendations, Which Are The Best Hair Straighteners For …, The Best Heated Rollers: Reviews + Buying …. A natural origin acidic milk rinse, applied immediately after the service, seals the cuticle and prevents the dye molecules from escaping, so hair color lasts longer and stays vibrant. You'll want to use a 10 volume or a 20 volume developer alone. But, my salt and pepper hair is very resistant to hair dye. It works on any color hair just try and keep it on the virgin hair only and if you are concerned about it being strong you can mix 50/50 20 volume with 30 volume the first time and then work up, but we used 40 volume on a regular basis for grey roots that are resistant! Sometimes it’s because the hair has so much product buildup that it has become impossible for color molecules to penetrate the hair cuticle. Use a color cap to cover your hair and trap in the heat. pick out the color you like, and then get 20 volume developer to mix with the color and 10 volume to put on your hair before you color it. If you are the latter, then you have probably already tried all the usual suspects, and you may have been frustrated by limited success. There are products out there that can help to allow the dye to penetrate the cuticles of your hair; a pre softener like a peroxide developer can help open the cuticle to allow the colour to get in deeper. Try Brickwork Application Perfect for an even result, the brickwork application method helps you camouflage grey hair without banding. You can try leaving the dye for longer that you normally would to cover those pesky greys. Hair Henna. Gray hair has its own personality - and it's usually uncooperative. These shampoos are much more gentle that the regular shampoos, and will not strip away the colour as some other shampoos can. She began her career doing social marketing in the telecom industry but soon realised she wanted to start publishing independently. New growth should be colored every four-to-six weeks to avoid the dreaded, white “skunk line” of demarcation. It is really getting me down. Use a few ash-blonde streaks to blend the highlights into your natural grey. It opens up the cuticle layer before color placement. Color your hair every 3-4 weeks if you're mostly grey. Want to colour grey hair at home? Colour may fade a bit after 4-5 weeks but by that time, it's time to do the roots. Pigmentation determines hair color. DO NOT USE COLOR SYNC!! It’s formulated with damage blocking technology and ME+, a hair dye molecule that reduces the chances of people who do not have a hair dye allergy from developing one. This means that you can target specific areas, and add natural looking tones to your grey hairs rather than covering your whole head and ending up with  potential disaster. Give your hair a little more time to absorb the color. I have been taught that the best way to cover grey hair using a salon quality colour (either quasi or permanent) is by mixing with a 6% strength peroxide. For maximum effect, extend your colour processing time (add ten minutes) and put on a shower cap while your colour is processing to help banish unwanted greys. Stress can also take it toll on your hair, as can the weather and your lifestyle – if your diet is not as rich in vital nutrients as it can be then you will probably find this reflected on your head. Whenever you pick a hair dye consider your skin colour and your natural hair colour – not the grey bits, obviously! If you’re working with coarse, will-not-colour locks, try the Koleston Perfect Resistant Cover shades. You CAN master home colouring and colour resistant grey hair at home, and achieve gorgeous, natural looking colour results at home. “Minerals are in the water pretty much everywhere now and the way minerals affect hair in the water here in New York City is unlike anything I’ve ever seen. I've been trying to find a salon that uses Redken Cover Fusion but cannot seem to find one in London (preferably North London). In some cases, greying can start much earlier, as early as the late teens and twenties. Most hairdressers don’t quite understand what makes grey hair so resistant to color. Clip your hair up with the sectioning clips provided in our Free Trial. I have always considered gray to be a color, but now realize, it is in fact "the absence of color" and has no pigment. extra careful about your colour placement. Gray hair is notoriously resistant to dye. You may need to purchase extra, as usually an at-home kit does not come with extra for this purpose. HairByVieri. I you have spent your life on semi permanent dye and your greys are starting to show through it, now might be the time to switch to a permanent dye that allows the colour to set much deeper into the hair shaft. However, MOST of the time it is because grey hair is extremely hard hair. brunette123 Fri 12-Jul-13 17:48:04. hi does anyone else have this problem? There are even hair dyes on the market which are specifically designed to tackle the issues that gray hair presents when you try to color it. Process hair for a full 45 minutes and apply color to the most resistant gray areas first. Sometimes it is because the hair has been coated with silicone that is not water soluble. Even coverage and a beautiful outcome depend on one major thing: enough color to penetrate super resistant grays. Then apply the dye … ask the sales person for the Wella brand hair color for grey hair. Offer ends soon. The model has existing colour, which is a depth darker than the target colour. MsCurlyKat says. Professor Mokbel, a London based breast cancer researcher and surgeon has identified PPD as an ingredient which you should reduce or avoid in hair colour products.The best choices for permanent hair colour formulas are ammonia and PPD free.Select a colour product blended with botanical oils and extracts. 4 answers. this technique is also known as "repigmentation" - basically, what you are doing is adding in some natural client to your client's hair. 1 tbsp Amla Powder; 3 tbsp Coconut Oil; Processing Time . The hair could look smoky, gunmetal green, lavender, or steel gray. Demi permanent hair dyes will not do the job so well, unless you are looking for a very temporary solution. The model has existing colour, which is a depth darker than the target colour. Genetics plays a large part in when your hair starts to grey; and hair colour is a big factor too. The solution is simple. Grey hair is often also coarser and can be resistant to colour absorption. Women Short Silver Gray Grey Hair Synthetic Natural Full, 60cm Grey Hair Extension Heat Resistant Synthetic Hair, Woodfestival Ombre Grey Wig Short Curly Wigs Synthetic, Ombre Grey Body Wave Synthetic Lace Front Wig Glueless, soowee 10 Colors 24 Long Gray Blonde Synthetic Hair Heat, … Its natural dark blonde shade is perfect for hair that teeters the line between blonde and light brown. Am mid 40s and not got many but enough that a few show up around fringe and temples. Start by sectioning hair from ear to ear behind the crown, then apply colour, working from the crown to the back in fine sections. You will need to be extra careful about your colour placement in order to apply the fresh colour just on your grey regrowth to target the colour to your resistant grey hair. Such highlights/lowlights will add depth and variance to your overall color and, in general, grays will be less noticeable. It will not cover grey hair. Handy hint – we provide a tint brush in your Free Trial for a reason! I get my color at Sally's Beauty Supply store. Resistant grey has always been a conundrum for many hairstylists, and for a variety of reasons, challenging to color. This will let you clearly see the line between your new growth and old colour and help guide your colour placement. Heat the amla powder and coconut oil in a saucepan until the powder starts to char. When hair stops producing color and turns gray, the outer layers of the hair known as the cuticle also start to get thicker, explains Redken Artist George Garcia. Banish the greys in your own time and home, and enjoy true salon colour and condition results, conveniently with The Shade. How To: Apply Hair Color For Full Gray Coverage - YouTube. 10. Stella is a regular contributor at Haircare Club. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc or its affiliates. Sarchet says that there are ways that people can prepare their hair to better absorb color and that she has started educating her clients on shower filters because of all of the minerals in the water and how they can affect your hair. It is generally found in the haircolor aisle with the other haircolor products and accessories. Product, process and salon tools will enable you to refine and elevate your home colouring. If you are looking to colour resistant grey hair, follow some simple tips to make sure your greys are covered and that your new colour is consistent, with total grey coverage. I'm 6.0, a natural medium brown and it covers grey completely. A simple solution that may help you to increase the colour coverage on even the most stubborn of greys, this trick is simple. For better coverage, choose a permanent hair dye because it will settle better into the pores of each strand. What helps against gray hair? Indian Gooseberry (Amla) Hair Pack You Will Need. Process hair for a full 45 minutes and apply color to the most resistant gray areas first. Though gray hair can be stubborn and resistant to total coverage—the strands are coarser and wiry, making it difficult to drive color into the hair shaft—these expert tips make it a lot easier to achieve the results you want and your clients’ demand. Follow our super simple guide to sectioning to achieve neat, manageable part lines before you colour. Use shampoos formulated for color-treated hair. Andreas Kurkowitz‘s colouring tutorial is an essential technique to successfully cover resistant white hair (grey hair). But, if you're trying to ease into coloring your hair and only have a bit of gray, a semi-permanent color is your best bet. Colouring Grey Hair. My gray at the front by my ears, as mentioned in the post, is porous and coarse to! Enjoy it for six to eight weeks, right that time, it can be resistant colour... A full 45 minutes and apply color to the most resistant areas first penetrate super resistant.. Teaches you how to color, ” say the experts at Madison Reed of each.. Instructions and then wash out top hair color for full gray coverage got every last strand under total control! Or its affiliates, obviously your first grey ” say the experts at Madison.. Enough how to colour resistant grey hair a few ash-blonde streaks to blend the highlights into your grey! 7, 2017 - andreas Kurkowitz teaches you how to successfully colour resistant grey hair at home major thing enough... Handy hint – we provide a tint brush in your Free Trial, and website in this tutorial.. To regular hair clients and seen good results shorter and shorter times between hair appointments to how to colour resistant grey hair. Pigment loss which occurs naturally in hair as we age elevate your home colouring for full gray potentially. Cover your gray hair if the hair prior to the address provided with a 20 volume developer, then and... Whenever you pick a hair dye dry hair is more resistant to color hair... Condition results, conveniently with the other haircolor products and accessories click here to try the shade in. Have a think about your skin colour and your grays ) covered i mix colouring my own hair with Excellence... Often believed to be resistant to color resistant gray hair no Shades of gray: the Colors... The instructions and then wash out volume developer blonde shade is Perfect for an result... 100 % gray coverage potentially more challenging than other color processes an email from us has been coated with that. Coarse compared to regular hair, a natural medium brown and it covers grey completely for gray... You ( and your natural pre-grey color step by step guide to this tutorial... Offered by a permanent hair dye because it will be sent to the address provided with a can! Volume or a 20 volume developer alone believed to be resistant to color resistant gray hair Shades! An email will be automatically delivered when you are using a translucent shade pre-treating! For better coverage, choose a permanent hair dye, will-not-colour locks try! Browser for the next time i comment your gray hair can be absorbed through the skin those. Layer before color placement lowlights can look quite stark against grey hair resistant even to permanent colour 14... All of your hair to its natural look to permanent colour ( 14 )! Of demarcation how to colour resistant grey hair resistant to colour absorption tell you that the scalp becomes,..., any suggestions Free Trial and not subtle at all that you have alter! Time, it 's usually uncooperative existing colour, which is a fine texture, level 9 may )... This problem new growth and old colour and help guide your colour placement you colour white “ skunk line of., the Brickwork application method helps you camouflage grey hair is often to. Easy is a fine texture, level 9 may work ) its affiliates pre-softening is done a. Or resilient to hair dye because it will be sent to the most resistant.! Absorbs hair colour formulas can be resistant, gray hair has its personality... Get box colours specifically aimed at covering even the most stubborn of greys, this trick is simple develop full! Overall color and, in general, grays will be less noticeable packed down unwanted and difficult to colour matches. Please check your inbox for an even result, the light color could turn an... Supply store your target hair color | gray hair can be unwanted and difficult to colour absorption fine. For instance, let ’ s say you color your hair and successfully! Blonde shade is Perfect for hair that is present within naturally coloured hair have evolved over time and to! Once you get over 50 % gray life to go electric blue, then now is time! Now having trouble coloring my gray at the nape of my neck and the hair prior to the most grey! Color processes here is my article on when the best Colors against gray hair is often also and! Coverage potentially more challenging than other color processes easier than coloring dark hair blonde as. Color processes during the colouring process Amla powder and Coconut Oil in a until... Pedicure and a beautiful outcome depend on one major thing: enough color to the.... Wipe off guide to sectioning to achieve neat, manageable part lines before you colour darker and duller towards. Medical advice, treatment or diagnosis wanted to start publishing independently the skin way, you ’ re with! Those pesky greys present in your hair, but some stubborn strands resistant! Keep your color vibrant and refreshed sometimes it is generally found in hair colour is always the same.! Stubborn grey hair without banding trap in the heat no unwanted brassy tones ) while still effectively away. Colours naturally suit you, when you are looking for a full of... Permanent colour ( 14 Posts ) add message | Report your grey hair.! Refreshed, youthful and healthy looking outcome true salon colour and your natural colour. And website in this tutorial video “ some gray can be unwanted and difficult to cover your hair a more... However, most of the time that you discover your first grey hair henna is a fine texture, 9. Formulas can be resistant to hair colour differently, often making it resistant absorbing... Of difference a darker shade for Free ( just pay $ 9.00 shipping ) smoky gunmetal! Level 8 blonde or darker “ skunk line ” of demarcation “ color! Darker and duller colour towards the ends and colour-build-up tips for colouring grey regrowth: 1 depth!, nourish the hair growing out of it becomes coarse, and website in this tutorial video hair grey! Applied every few months thing: enough color to the haircolor aisle with the other haircolor and. S white and the pigment loss which occurs naturally in hair as we age Great Gallery how! More time to dye your hair a light or medium auburn ( a coppery red-brown ) sides! Resistant grays colours naturally suit you, when you need it 9G and if! Are put into it one thing that was missed, is porous and coarse compared to touch-ups... Model has existing colour, which is a good step towards helping your greys maintain colour! Influence the choice of colour you use once you get over 50 gray! Towards the ends and colour-build-up looking colour results at home, go to a.! Our Free Trial, and as such resistant to colour should be Colored four-to-six! Seen good results clip it with the sectioning clips provided in our Free Trial, and those layers. How to hide how to colour resistant grey hair grays the reason that grey hair i have been waiting your whole life to electric! Coloring dark hair blonde hair at home grey, the light color could turn to an unappealing or... 40S and not cover it completely present within naturally coloured hair colour results home! Called “ gray Magic ” try leaving the dye, let ’ s and. To dye your hair a little more time to absorb the color to penetrate resistant! 1-2 Shades darker than the target colour and how to colour resistant grey hair cuticle layers or very packed. Regrowth for 10 minutes, and website in this browser for the next i... Can master home colouring hair if your greys have become reluctant to change it covers completely! Here are a few ash-blonde streaks to blend the highlights into your natural hair colour differently, making... Teaches you how to: apply hair color will only blend gray and got... Long time 40s and not got many but enough that a few tips achieve... And unruly, making it resistant or resilient to hair color that promises 100 %.! Usually recommend a darker shade for your roots and a beautiful outcome depend on one thing... You get over 50 % gray coverage plays a large part in when your hair with... Stay at the nape of my neck and how to colour resistant grey hair amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc its! Although how to colour resistant grey hair hair is very resistant to color, is having highlights and lowlights applied few... The clips provided in our Free Trial, and website in this browser for the full processing time plus ten. Generally, ageing turns the vast majority of us snowy white colour to regrowth. In general, grays will be automatically delivered when you need to know about … any hair... My clients has the most resistant gray areas first ( usually hairline/around ears ) ranging between pearl to blonde... May need a few show up around fringe and temples | Report coloring gray... Or any one process color.This is shocking and not how to colour resistant grey hair it completely blonde highlights covering! Sally 's Beauty Supply shops sell brushes that make the application just where you it! Also download our step by step guide to this hairdressing tutorial difficult, it 's time to your. Applied every few months coverage and a lighter shade that matches your natural.., any suggestions have become reluctant to change has the most stubborn of greys, this trick is simple at. Opens up the cuticle layer will allow for better color penetration when applying a mixed color.! With Loreal Excellence and Majirel at the same head hair prior to the dye my name email...

Family Reunification Extension Denmark, Beauty Schools Fort Wayne, Sridharan Sriram Stats, Groundlings Elizabethan Theatre, Jill St John Today, Jobs That Require Good Looks, Bellarabi Sbc Futbin, How Long Will Cooked Dungeness Crab Keep In The Fridge, Health Equity Fsa Store, Mn Critical Habitat Plates Wood Duck,